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Orthodontic Braces 101: All You Need to Know

Orthodontic Braces 101: All You Need to Know

Orthodontic issues can be more than just an aesthetic issue – many orthodontic problems require attention to improve the functionality of the teeth and jaw.

Whether you are a child, a teen or an adult, orthodontic braces are an effective way to align teeth and achieve the straight smile you always dreamt of, all while helping you to chew, speak and go about life as you should.

Orthodontic braces are a big investment for any person, so it important to get the low-down on what braces are, the different types that are available and what you can expect as a patient.


What Type of Braces Exist?

Fun Fact: there are actually a number of types of braces that can be used to align teeth into a desired position.

The main types are metal braces, ceramic braces, lingual braces and Invisalign, which is an alternative to braces


Metal Braces

These braces are the type that most people would be familiar with. Metal brackets are bonded to the front of your teeth using dental cement, connecting each bracket together with wire and elastic bands.


Ceramic Braces

Ceramic braces are similar in design to metal braces, as the ceramic is bonded to the front of the tooth in the same way metal braces are. The main difference is that ceramic braces can be tinted to match the colour of your teeth, making them a little less noticeable than metal braces.


Lingual Braces

These braces are the same as metal braces, except they are installed onto the back of the teeth instead of the front. This makes lingual braces practically invisible to others, which makes it an ideal option for those who are incredibly self-conscious about their appearance. However, lingual braces may be more uncomfortable for the wearer.



For patients with minor orthodontic issues, Invisalign may be a great alternative to metal, ceramic or lingual braces. Invisalign uses a set of custom plastic trays – referred to as aligners – to slowly move your teeth and jaw into the desired position.

This option is gaining more and more momentum as an orthodontic treatment, as the aligners are not highly visible.

You can read more about Pitt Street Dental’s Invisalign treatments here.


How Do Orthodontic Braces Work?

Orthodontic braces work through the application of pressure to the teeth, which slowly moves teeth into position over time.

The brackets, which are bonded to the front of the teeth, are connected to elastic bands and wires. At each check-up, your dentist will add slight tension to the wires, which is transferred through the elastic band to the teeth.

Throughout the duration that the braces are applied, it is important for you to keep up with regular check-ups, as your dentist will amend your braces as required to ensure you achieve the right alignment for your teeth and mouth.



The Difference Between ‘Aligners’ And Braces

Aligners are a relatively new orthodontic treatment, with many dental clinics now advertising brands of ‘invisible’ braces, such as Invisalign. At Pitt Street Dental Centre, we use and love Invisalign braces as a treatment option for some of our patients.

Invisalign is a modern alternative to braces, using more subtle clear aligners to move the teeth over time.

Some of the main differences between aligners and traditional orthodontic braces include appearance, severity of treatment, flexibility to suit your lifestyle and orthodontic visits required.



Invisalign’s almost invisible nature is a drawcard for both teens and adults, as it means they can align their teeth without impacting their appearance, particularly when compared to the more visible appearance of traditional metal and ceramic braces.


Severity of Treatment

While aligners can be used to treat a variety of orthodontic problems, they are better suited to more simple cases such as crowded teeth, crooked teeth, overbites, underbites, open bites and gapped teeth.

Orthodontic braces are an effective treatment for both simple and severe problems, including malocclusions, extremely crooked teeth and crossbites.


Flexibility to Suit Your Lifestyle

Invisalign must be removed before a patient eats, which provides the flexibility to consume food and drink as required. Teeth need to be cleaned after each meal before Invisalign trays are reapplied to the teeth. It is recommended that Invisalign trays are worn for at least 22 hours per day for the best treatment.

In comparison, traditional braces are not removable and may hinder a patient’s ability to consume certain foods and drinks, particularly sticky or hard foods that could cause damage to braces.


Orthodontic Visits Required

Patients who opt for Invisalign receive all their trays at the beginning of their treatment so that they can change trays every two weeks at home, without needing to visit their dentist. However, regular visits should be scheduled every four to six weeks to ensure your teeth are moving as required.

Patients with orthodontic braces need to visit their orthodontist for an adjustment every four weeks.


How Long Do Braces Take?

The length of treatment time with orthodontic braces can differ depending on the extent of your orthodontic issues.

On average, patients need to wear the orthodontic braces for 24 hours a day, seven days a week for around two years. Regular appointments with your orthodontist ensure that any issues with your braces can be promptly attended to and adjustments can be made as necessary.


Orthodontic Braces at Pitt Street Dental

Don’t put off your orthodontic treatment any longer – our team at Pitt Street Dental Centre are committed to helping you achieve a straight, aligned smile with orthodontic braces.

At Pitt Street Dental, our team is made up of highly experienced and qualified dentists with a passion for transforming your smile and self-confidence.

If you want to know more about orthodontic braces or you are ready to get started on the path to an aligned smile, contact the team at Pitt Street Dental Centre today to book a consultation.

Pitt Street Dental Centre’s Response To COVID-19

Pitt Street Dental Centre’s Response To COVID-19

Our Paitent’s Safety Is Our Highest Priority

We’ve been listening to our paitents and wanted to provide you with an update on how Pitt Street Dental Centre is doing its part to minimise the potential impact of Coronavirus.

As a Pitt Street Dental Centre paitent you will already know that we take safety seriously. We ensure the most hygienic practices are observed with every client, treatment room and staff member. We pride ourselves on delivering the highest quality treatments in a safe and clinical environment.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is of course very topical and we are pleased to advise Pitt Street Dental Centre’s diligent everyday practices regarding health and hygiene extend beyond the Australian Government Department of Health recommendations to combat the spread of the virus. 

Our practice meets all Australian International Standards in relation to infection control. Pitt Street Dental Centre also follows all Universal Precausions to protect staff and patient from being infected by any type of virus, including, but not limited to; HIV, Hepitis, Influenza, Coronavirus, Rhinovirus and more.

Our commitment to your health and safety at Pitt Street Dental Centre.

The Pitt Street team has been working to minimise any risk for our clients.  These measures include:

·         Disposable equipment for every treatment.

·         Medical grade disinfectant to clean treatment rooms, machinery and surfaces.

·         Cleaning of treatment surfaces after every client.

·         Hand sanitiser/soap and water facilities accessible for every client

·         Additional screening for every paitent

We respectfully ask of you…

If you are feeling unwell, have been in contact with someone who has a confirmed case of Coronavirus, or have recently travelled from a country considered higher risk, please contact your clinic to reschedule your appointment.  We will happily extend pre-paid treatments that may be near expiry to provide you flexibility and enable you to have your treatment when you are well.

We will always put your comfort and safety first, and in the interest of this, we please ask that you do not arrive to the practice early for your appointment. Please be on time, to avoid excess waiting for your safety. When you next visit Pitt Street Dental Centre, be assured you are being treated by a Dentist or Nurse who cares about delivering great service and results, whilst providing you with peace of mind that we will always prioritise your safety.

For Australian Government updates and more information visit

We look forward to welcoming you to your Sydney Dentist soon. If you have any questions please don’t hesitate to contact us.

Top Tips On How To Improve Your Oral Hygiene

Keeping on top of your oral hygiene not only makes your mouth feel clean; it also has a range of benefits, such as preventing tooth decay and gum disease, removing bacteria that can cause bad breath and keeping those pearly whites looking their best.

At Pitt Street Dental, it is our mission to ensure you have a great smile, and part of that is keeping you, our clients, educated on the best ways to improve the health of your teeth and your mouth overall. 

As professional dental practitioners with 25 years of experience, our Sydney dentists have pulled together some simple, yet highly effective tips to improve your oral hygiene and keep your teeth looking fresh.


1. Brush at Least Twice a Day

One of the most important tips we have might seem like obvious advice to some, but for those who didn’t listen to their parents or their previous dentist, you should make sure you brush your teeth for at least two minutes, twice daily.

Brushing your teeth with the correct technique in the morning and night will help to remove any plaque build up from your teeth and gums and banish any bacteria or leftover foot particles in your mouth.

You should spend at least two minutes brushing your teeth to ensure all areas are cleaned, which includes cleaning the;

  • Gum line
  • Inside of your teeth
  • Outside of your teeth
  • Biting surface of each tooth


And if your toothbrush if looking a little worse for wear, invest in a new toothbrush – as long as you are using the correct technique, you can use either an electric toothbrush or a manual toothbrush to clean your teeth and mouth.


2. Floss Regularly

Many clients admit to not flossing as regularly as they should, but there is a reason that dentists recommend it to improve your oral hygiene.

Flossing allows you to clean in the tight spaces in between your teeth, often where your toothbrush cannot reach. By removing food particles and plaque build up between your teeth while it is soft, you can reduce the likelihood of the plaque hardening and leading to tooth decay down the track.


3. Limit Sugary & Acidic Drinks

Limiting soft drinks, energy drinks, sugary juices and acidic “diet” drinks will not only help your oral hygiene; it will also have benefits to the rest of your body.

Sugary and acidic drinks consumed during the day can cause damage to your teeth over time. The high sugar content of many drinks and foods can increase your mouth acidity, as sugar is converted into acid in the mouth. This highly acidic environment wears down the tooth enamel, leading to teeth discolouration and cavities in your teeth.


4. Get Regular Check-ups From Your Sydney Dentist

When you have a team of dentists who are as invested in customer satisfaction as we are at Pitt Street Dental Centre, booking an appointment for a check-up won’t be such a hassle.

At Pitt Street Dental Centre, we encourage all our patients to schedule regular dental check ups with us – at least twice a year – so that we can help you to keep your teeth and gums healthy.

With each check up, our team of skilled Sydney dentists can remove calculus and plaque build up, discuss any concerns you may have about your teeth, answer any questions you have about oral hygiene and investigate any problem areas, using x-rays if required, to ensure we prevent issues and maintain your oral health.

We are passionate about oral hygiene at Pitt Street Dental; so it is a priority to us to ensure each of our clients understand how to successfully care for their teeth and gums at home using simple steps. Taking care of your teeth for as little as five minutes each day will ensure your teeth, gums and mouth are healthy for years to come.

Contact Pitt Street Dental today to find out why our customers can’t wait to book their next dental check up with our Sydney dentists.

Common Dental Emergencies and How to Avoid Them

Common Dental Emergencies and How to Avoid Them

Experiencing pain in your mouth isn’t pleasant, whether you’ve got wisdom teeth coming through or you’ve had a tooth knocked out while playing sport.

While dentists do their best to help patients avoid dental emergencies, they can and do still happen, so it is important to know what to do if you, a team mate or a loved one experience any problems.

At Pitt Street Dental, we have put together our guide to four of the most common dental emergencies, along with our tips on how to avoid them!


What is a Dental Emergency?

A dental emergency is any trauma involving the teeth or supporting tissues that requires immediate care to alleviate pain and minimise damage to the mouth. These kinds of issues may occur at any time, day or night.

Many local dentist practises operate by standard hours, such as 9am – 5pm, so in the event of a dental emergency; you may be required to seek help from elsewhere.

One way to prepare for a dental emergency, or any after-hours emergency, is to keep a list of local after-hours health care providers in an easy-to-find place, such as on the fridge. If you play sports, have a child who plays sports or you coach at a sporting club, having this information in your first aid kit is also a valuable choice.


Knocked Out Tooth

We commonly perform procedures on knocked out teeth, particularly on weekends when children and adults are playing sport. However, accidents and eating can also dislodge, move or knock out teeth.

If the tooth has been completely knocked out, it is important to take care of it with the following steps:

  1. Pick up the tooth by the crown and carefully rinse it under water. The tooth may still have tissue from your mouth attached to it and if possible, it is essential to keep this in tact.
  2. Try to re-insert the tooth back into its socket – this is crucial when it comes to trying to save the tooth
  3. If the tooth cannot be re-inserted, you can put the tooth into a cup of warm water or milk, before heading straight to see an emergency dentist!

At Pitt Street Dental, we recommend anyone who participates in a contact sport to wear a mouthguard to protect their teeth. Your dentist can even make a custom-made mouth guard to mould to your teeth.



The presence of a toothache or mouth pain may often be brushed off as nothing, however, it is important to remember that you are feeling that pain for a reason. A slight toothache may be uncomfortable to begin with, but with time, the toothache could escalate, leading to severe pain, tooth decay or infection.

At the first sign of a toothache, you should rinse your mouth with a salt solution, made from a teaspoon of salt dissolved in hot water, then left to cool. We also recommend that you give your teeth a good brush and get your floss out to dislodge any food that may be caught between your teeth.

The easiest and most effective way to avoid toothaches from decay is with regular oral care, such as brushing and flossing. Regularly visiting your dentist at Pitt Street Dental will also help to prevent an emergency in the future, as your dentist can identify any problem areas and either keep an eye on them or treat them before they become a serious issue.


Chipped, Broken or Cracked Tooth

This type of trauma is often the result of an accident or sports injury, with pain ranging from mild to severe, depending on whether the nerve in your tooth has been affected or exposed.

If you have broken or chipped your tooth and experience severe pain, apply an icepack to the affected area, then call Pitt Street Dental or your local dentist for additional advice.


Lost Fillings & Crowns

Hard foods such as rock candies, nuts and other foods with a tough shell or outer layer have the potential to crack fillings and crowns, especially if decay has destroyed the tooth under the filling or crown.

A cracked crown or lost filling can often leave the nerve in your tooth exposed, resulting in severe pain and sensitivity. On top of the pain, a lost filling or broken crown also results in a small hole that food and bacteria can get into, which could exacerbate the damage caused to the tooth.

If you do find yourself with a lost filling or crown, head to your emergency dentist in Sydney CBD, who will either remove the decay and place a new filling in the hole, or prepare your tooth for a new crown.

The best way to avoid damaging your crown or fillings is to keep up a good oral hygiene regime, as this will reduce the opportunity for decay to set into your teeth.


Choose Pitt Street Dental as Your Emergency Dentist in Sydney CBD

Finding a dentist that you trust for a standard procedure, like a filling, can be hard enough work, let alone one who can perform emergency dentistry when you are in severe pain.

We know that dental emergencies can happen day or night, so Pitt Street Dental have emergency dentists in Sydney CBD available 24/7 to assist you with any issues you may have.

With a committed, highly skilled team of dental practitioners available, our patients know they are in the best care possible – whether they need an emergency filling or a tooth extraction.

For a reliable, professional emergency dentist in Sydney CBD, contact Pitt Street Dental today.

Why You NEED To Avoid DIY Teeth Whitening in Sydney

Why You NEED To Avoid DIY Teeth Whitening in Sydney

Australia is big on DIY culture, so it’s not surprising at-home teeth whitening is enjoying a moment in the sun.

But the fad, spruiked by celebrities and social media influencers, is causing alarm among Sydney dentists and health professionals.

A spike in the number of dental and oral health emergencies caused by these oh-so-trendy products recently led to the Australian Dental Association issuing a public warning against the dangers of DIY teeth whitening.

That’s why Pitt Street Dental Centre made it our business to administer teeth whitening Sydney can trust, without the dangers of DIY treatments.

We have successfully and safely helped nearly 7,000 Sydney-siders regain their bright white smiles using professionally endorsed treatments in our accredited clinic.


DIY teeth whitening: Is it dangerous?

The short answer? Yes.

At-home teeth whitening in Sydney and around the country has grown in popularity recently thanks to aggressive marketing campaigns including celebs touting the benefits of these seemingly safe gels, pastes and LED devices.

Adults, teenagers and even children as young as 11 are using at-home teeth whitening kits that promise excellent results for less than you would pay a dentist.

But there are serious risks involved with the kinds of teeth whitening Sydney citizens are using. Too many people are jumping on the bandwagon without understanding the potential danger of these products:

  • Chemical burns.
  • Facial damage from leaking bleach.
  • Tooth damage.
  • Damaging for maturing teeth.

For your safety, teeth whitening in Sydney should only ever be carried out by a professional dentist. Like any health product, professional advice and thorough research should inform which teeth whitening Sydney individuals choose.


Why are DIY teeth whitening products dangerous?

At best, DIY teeth whitening products are harmless because they do almost nothing (which means you’re throwing money away). On the other end of the scale, some over the counter products cause chemical burns to the gums, cheeks, tongue and lips.

Here are some of the pitfalls of DIY teeth whitening:

Remember, almost every product endorsement you see from influencers or celebrities is paid for.

The ADA is especially concerned for young consumers who are swindled by social media influencers posting videos brushing with black paste or using LED whitening products.


How Pitt Street Dental Centre can help with teeth whitening in Sydney

Zoom Teeth Whitening is a completely safe, professionally administered teeth whitening treatment without any of the dangerous DIY risks.

There’s a reason the procedure is our most-requested service; it promises effective, single-session teeth whitening Sydney-siders can smile about.

To achieve 8-15 shades of whitening in one session, your dentist will apply the Zoom teeth whitening treatment with a guard and special gel to protect your gums. And LED light is then applied to activate the treatment, with close supervision from experienced professionals.

If you want to know more about Zoom teeth whitening at Pitt Street Dental Centre, feel free to drop us a line and we would be happy to provide more information.

Top 3 Treatments Performed By A Sydney Dentist

Top 3 Treatments Performed By A Sydney Dentist

Our clients choose to see us for a wide variety of check-ups and procedures. As the Sydney dentist trusted by families, professionals, celebrities and individuals from all walks of life, here at Pitt Street Dental Centre we really have seen it all.

But one thing is true for every single person who walks through our door: a white, bright smile and good oral health is non-negotiable.

Not only do teeth form part of your first impression but living without pain or bad breath means you can get on with your day with confidence, wearing a smile the whole time.

That’s why our 3 most common treatments are a bit of a mixed bag, all resulting in a beautiful grin for our clients.


1.   Emergency dentistry

Accidents are a part of life, and in Sydney so is sport. You would be hard pressed to find a Sydney dentist who has not received an emergency patient fresh off the footy oval.

However sporting mishaps are not the only time emergency dental care is required. Sudden tooth aches, accidental fractures, flare-ups and unbearable tooth pain can all require an emergency dentist visit.

Pitt Street Dental Centre provide emergency appointments 24 hours, 7 day a week to cover everything from kids’ sporting accidents to emergency fillings for professionals.

There is no need to book an appointment: simply call us in case of emergency to see an experienced Sydney dentist the same day.


2.   Teeth whitening

Are you anxious to show your teeth when you smile because they’re stained or discoloured? You’re certainly not alone: we have performed teeth whitening treatment for nearly 7,000 happy clients right here in our Sydney dental clinic.

The top causes of discolouration include common foods and poor oral hygiene:

  • Coffee, red wine and other dark drinks
  • Acidic foods
  • Poor oral hygiene like not brushing enough
  • Cigarettes
  • Natural discolouration
  • Root canal staining

It might not surprise you that teeth whitening is the most popular treatment our Sydney dentists perform. More than 30% of our clients visit for teeth whitening because the results are just so impressive.

In one Zoom Teeth Whitening session we can brighten your smile up to 15 shades, for a safe and naturally white smile that won’t fade.


3.   Braces & Invisalign

Braces have come a long way since the bulky silver hardware of years gone by. Modern orthodontic braces, when administered by and experienced Sydney dentist, are is more effective, more comfortable and less obtrusive than ever before.

Recent innovations like Invisalign have boomed in popularity – and for good reason. Invisalign clear braces don’t need to be attached to your teeth meaning they can be removed to eat or play sport. Invisalign is designed to blend seamlessly into your mouth, and your lifestyle, offering unparalleled flexibility while they correct misaligned teeth.


Why choose Pitt Street Dental Centre as your Sydney dentist

Pitt Street Dental Centre is the Sydney dentist people turn to for emergency dental care, safe and efficient teeth whitening, braces that really work, and every other facet of dental care.

Our extensive experience and numerous professional associations make us the experts in oral health, for everything from regular check-ups to midnight emergencies.

Schedule a check-up today to discuss your options for teeth whitening or braces, including industry leading Invisalign solutions.